The mountains of Southern and Central China are rich in plant species, with new ones regularly being introduced to horticulture. Most Chinese Salvias are cold hardy herbaceous perennials; a number are heat tolerant as well. They thrive in partial shade, such as woodland gardens and locations with morning sun and afternoon shade. Some grow well in full shade.
Many of these sages are the subjects of modern medical research, because the Chinese have used them in herbal remedies for millennia. All the ones we grow and list here are reliable and beautiful.
Please note: Many of these are seed grown, and this group is especially prone to interspecific hybrids. So there may be variation in color, flower form and size.
(Himalayan Sage or Kashmir Sage) The word "hians" in Salvia hians means "gaping" and refers to the hanging lip of this sage's flowers, which bloom from late spring through early fall. This may or may not the "true" species as it is described, hence the term aff or affnis in the name, which indicates that this plant is related to, has an affinity to, but is not identical to Salvia hians.
(Purple & Yellow Yunnan Sage or ji ye shu wei cao) Confusion about this plant's scientific name cause it to appear in some sources as Salvia flava var. megalantha. Whatever you call it, this Chinese species from Yunnan Province has enchanting yellow and purple flowers that attract viewers as well as honeybees.
(Himalayan Cloud Sage) Nepal's Muktinath Valley -- a sacred site for Hindus and Buddhists -- is the place to go to see this majestically tall shade perennial in the wild. It grows at altitudes up to 14,000 feet and often emerges while the ground is still snowy.