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 You are here    Flowers by the Sea / Categories / Salvias A to Z
Salvias A to Z
Salvias A to Z

Flowers by the Sea grows all the hundreds of plants in this catalog, which are mainly the sages (Salvia spp.) in our A to Z list. The green menu banner at the top of this page also shows plants grouped by characteristics, origins and uses.

Using our menu, you can search Salvias by topics, such as the color of their flowers, the seasons in which they bloom, their cultural needs for sun and water, the USDA Cold Hardiness Zones in which they thrive and the kinds of sages that appeal to butterflies and hummingbirds. You can also look by origins, which is particularly helpful for native plant gardeners. However, if you know the scientific or common name of the Salvia you want and just need to see if we carry it, the A to Z list is a quick route to that information.

Salvia gains its name from the Latin word salvare which means to heal or save. Herbalists have used various species for centuries as folk medicines. Nowadays, medical researchers are studying many sages, which are also gaining popularity as long-blooming landscaping plants that require little fuss.

With about 900 flowering species -- including annuals, perennials and shrubs -- Salvia is the largest genus in the mint family (Lamiaceae or Labiatae). Salvias are noted for their mint-family traits of square stems and double-lipped, tubular flowers. Many are intoxicatingly fragrant. The genus contains about 900 species worldwide with its largest concentrations native to the Americas, the Mediterranean, Central Asia (including Turkey) and the Far East. Some plants from other Lamiaceae genuses are included in the A to Z list, because they are so closely related to Salvias that we tend to think of them as true sages.

The A to Z list encompasses single representatives of species as well as species for which we offer so many cultivars, such as the Autumn and Mountain Sages (Salvia greggii and S. microphylla spp.), that they have their own subcategory in the Special Salvia Groups part of our index.

Sages are endlessly fascinating due to their diversity. They offer a broad array of long-blooming, vibrantly colored flowers. Their leaves range from fuzzy to glossy with shapes and sizes varying from smooth lances tinier than the nail of a little finger to toothed, rumpled foliage broader and far longer than a man's hand. Many are perfect for dry, full-sun gardens while some do well in shady areas with excessive moisture. Sages save many a gardener facing difficult growing conditions.

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(Friendship Sage) Thank you Rolando Uria of the University of Buenos Aries for this very fine plant. Discovered in 2005 at a plant show in Argentina, this truly unique hybrid sage has generated a great deal of excitement in the Salvia world.

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(Dancing Dolls Sage) Sages can be such tough plants. Many, such as Salvia 'Dancing Dolls', withstand heat and drought yet have delicate looking blossoms. Dancing Dolls features cream and rose bicolor flowers.

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(Fancy Dancer Sage) Sages can be such tough plants withstanding heat and drought. Yet so many, including Salvia 'Fancy Dancer' have delicate looking blossoms. This one has bicolor flowers combining light and hot pink tones.

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(Orchid Glow Sage) Sages can be such tough plants withstanding heat and drought. Yet so many, including Salvia 'Orchid Glow' have delicate looking blossoms. This one has large, bright magenta flowers with white beelines.

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(Purple & Bloom Sage) Floriferous, dark-stemmed spikes of deep violet-purple blossoms surrounded by charcoal-purple bracts combined with dark green leaves shaped like elongated hearts make Salvia ‘Purple & Bloom’ dramatic. 

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(Himalayan Sage or Kashmir Sage) The word "hians" in Salvia hians means "gaping" and refers to the hanging lip of this sage's flowers, which bloom from late spring through early fall.  This may or may not the "true" species as it is described, hence the term aff or affnis in the name, which indicates that this plant is related to, has an affinity to, but is not identical to Salvia hians.

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(Blue African Sage or Blousalie) A handsome, densely branched shrub with small, gray leaves, this Salvia puts on a show when in full bloom. The pale blue flowers bloom on foot-long spikes that cover the plant. Each flower has a large, trumpet-shaped, green-and-red bract at its base.

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(Kirstenbosch Golden Sage) This clone of the durable and tough Golden Sage was selected at Kirstenbosch, the famous South African Botanic Garden. It is more vigorous than Golden Sage and often grows larger.
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(Amethyst Sage) Growing up to 12 inches long, the triangular basal leaves of Salvia amethystina subsp. ampelophylla are the largest we know among sages. They have long silky hairs on their undersides and are fragrant when bruised.

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(Stem Clasping Violet Sage)  Like a candelabra lit up with whorls of violet blossoms, the erect, branching flower spikes of Salvia amplexicaulis make this native of Southeastern Europe shine. On the Grecian island of Thassos, it brightens areas near the beach.

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(Tree Sage)Whether you call it a shrub or a tree, Salvia arborsecens rises up to an impressive 12 feet tall and 5 feet wide. Commonly known as Sage Tree, this Salvia grows well in full sun, but prefers partial shade.

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(Arizona Blue Sage) We are so impressed with this top-performing, drought-resistant ground cover that we have rated it best of class. Arizona Blue Sage is adaptable to a variety of shady conditions and blossoms so abundantly that it seems to have as many rich blue flowers as it has leaves. It is native to dry, shaded areas in mountain canyons in Arizona, New Mexico and Texas.

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(Double Saw Tooth Sage) Vivid deep violet flowers bloom from summer into fall and contrast prettily with the bright green, rumply foliage of this tall sage from southeastern Mexico. Belgian botanist and orchid lover Jean Jules Linden was the first to record its discovery in 1838, according to records on file at Britain’s Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

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(Diablo Eyelash Sage) Small, eyelash-like hairs on the edge of its leaves give this Mexican native part of its name. It earns "Diablo," which means "devil" in Spanish, from the two yellow stamens that stand up out of each flower like horns.

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(Rhythm and Blues Anise-Scented Sage)  New for 2017, this variety is a superior version of the older standby 'Black and Blue'.  Easy to grow and rewarding, this hummingbird favorite is our very best Anise Scented Sage.

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(Nan dan shen) Lavender and pearly white blossoms shaped like parrot beaks are supported by burgundy and green calyxes on this cold-tolerant plant from Southern China. In summer, the flowers grow in whorl-like clusters on spikes reaching up to 5 feet tall above large, fuzzy, pinnate, olive-green leaves.

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(Santa Rosa Island Sage) This is a hardy, California native sage although it is only found in the wild on one of Southern California's Channel Islands. It is drought resistant and forms dense mounds of fragrant, deep green, wrinkly foliage with heavenly clouds of lavender-tinged blue flowers in spring.
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(Buchanan's Sage) No longer found in the wild in its native Mexico, this spectacular Salvia is widely grown in courtyards and by entryways throughout the country. Also known as Fuschia Sage, it has long, pendulous, magenta flowers that are fuzzy and framed by purplish, glossy leaves.
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(Blue Vine Sage) Blooming from mid-summer through late autumn, this semi-hardy herbaceous perennial is adorned with a profusion of true-blue flowers that arch up 12 to 24 inches above its deltoid, grass-green leaves.
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(Caucasus Sage) This hardy ground cover sage grows 4 to 12 inches tall and 12 inches wide. The velvety white fur of its foliage aids moisture retention. Its soft, royal purple flowers make it stand out. We think this Salvia deserves to spread far and wide.

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(Temascaltepec Sage) In full bloom, which is all year in mild climates, this mid-sized Salvia has far more flowers than foliage. Each 1/2-inch-long, bright pink bloom has two dark pink/purple spots and a pair of white stripes. The small, slightly furry leaves add to its soft, pleasing look.

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(Blue Sky Mexican Sage) The small flowers of this plant from Neuevo Leon and Tamaulipas, Mexico, are an attractive combination of amethyst-purple and white. The spectacular leaves, which are large and lightly textured, appear blue-green on top and purple-green underneath.

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(Cedros Island Sage) From the Island of Cedars off the coast of Baja California Sur comes this delightful xeric sage with deep violet-blue flowers and silvery foliage. The square-shaped, 1-inch-long leaves are densely covered with downy, short, white hairs providing moisture retention.

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(Silver Germander Sage) With its compact habit, brilliant silver-white leaves and large, sky blue flowers, this is an outstanding heat-tolerant choice for dry, sunny gardens. We consider this to be one of the finest short ground covers for these conditions.

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Ten Favorite Flowers for Butterflies and Hummingbirds Buying Salvias Online from FBTS: How to Order & What to Expect - Updated Salvia Small Talk: Customized Shipping Charges Summer & Early Fall Pruning of Autumn and Mountain Sage July in the Salvia Garden Quick Digs: Inventorying Salvias and Tools for Spring Gardening Pantone Pageant: Emerald Designer Salvias Pantone Pageant: "Tender Shoots Green" Designer Salvias Sage Experts: How Robin Middleton's Gardens Bloomed Sage Experts: Meet Huntington Gardens Curator Kathy Musial Rootbound Salvias: Assessment & Treatment Repotting Salvias: The Basics Beneficial Insects at Flowers by the Sea Unpacking and Hardening Off Mail-Order Plants Growing Salvia from Seed at FBTS Salvia Softwood Tip Cuttings Sage Words About Wildlife: Do Deer Devour Salvia? Getting Started: Annual, Perennial and Shrub Sages Getting Started: How Much Sun Salvias Need 20 Heavenly Sages and Companions for Hellstrips Ask Mr. Sage: How FBTS Chooses New Salvias Buying Salvias Online from FBTS: Unpacking and Planting Fall Cleanup: Plant Placement and Pesky Problems Fall Planting: Tips for Salvia Success Our Paperless Catalog Is Wallet-Friendly and Ecofriendly Using Salvias in Flower Arrangements About our Farm: Growing Sage by the Sea September in the Salvia Garden Battles in the Salvia Garden: Controlling Spider Mites - Part I Battles in the Salvia Garden: Controlling Spider Mites - Part II Quick Digs: Putting Salvias to Bed with Winter Mulch Ask Mr. Sage: How Should I Prune my Salvias? Ask Mr. Sage: When Is It Too Late for Autumn Planting? Portraits in Gardening: Dave and Eleanor Holland Portraits in Gardening: Michael Kampf Salvia Small Talk: Botanical Plant Names II Salvia Small Talk: Annual, Biennial, Perennial Salvia Small Talk: Winter Watering Salvia Small Talk: Botrytis Blight Salvia Small Talk: The Gardens and Sages of Alcatraz Salvia Small Talk: Raised Beds for Sage Salvia Small Talk: Accenting Floral Arrangements with Salvias Salvia Small Talk: Botanical Plant Names I Salvia Small Talk: Excel in the Garden Salvia Small Talk: Back Off, Bunnies! New at FBTS: Salvia Amistad and Friendship from Afar Salvia Small Talk: Learning Leaf Talk Salvia Small Talk: Measuring Soil Drainage Salvia Small Talk: What Is an Inch of Water? Ask Mr Sage: What do I with a dry root ball? August in the Salvia Garden Salvia Small Talk: Too Much Sunlight? Ask Mr. Sage: Does Flowers by the Sea Sell Seeds? Ask Mr. Sage: How to Combat Whiteflies Safely Ask Mr. Sage: What to Do When a New Plant Fails Salvia Small Talk: Salvia Summit II Set for 2013 Ask Mr. Sage: How Light and Growing Conditions Affect Flower Color Salvia Small Talk: Bug Song in the Bushes Ask Mr. Sage: Do You Ship to My Address? Salvia Small Talk: Sage Remedies in 1814 Salvia Small Talk: Slugs & Snails Ask Mr. Sage: How to Identify Fertilizer Burn Ask Mr. Sage: What Salvias Grow Well in Containers? Salvia Small Talk: Garden Diary Ask Mr. Sage: What Is Shipping in Boxes Like for Salvias? Salvia Small Talk: Researching Before Ordering Ask Mr. Sage: How to Use the 'Email Me When Back in Stock' Button Ask Mr. Sage: Why Doesn't FBTS Use USPS Mail Quick Digs: Spring Weeds in Salvia Gardens Salvia Small Talk: Planting a Therapy Garden Salvia Small Talk: Zone Variations Salvia Small Talk: Zones & Climate Change Ask Mr. Sage: How Should I Space Salvias When Planting Salvia Small Talk: What to Do When Plants Are Out of Stock Quick Digs: Overwintering Salvias in Containers Outdoors Pantone Pageant: A Chorus Line of Grayed Jade Designer Salvias Quick Digs: Wintering Over Salvias Indoors Quick Digs: Planning a Salvia Garden Calendar