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 You are here    Flowers by the Sea / Categories / Salvias A to Z
Salvias A to Z
Salvias A to Z

Flowers by the Sea grows all the hundreds of plants in this catalog, which are mainly the sages (Salvia spp.) in our A to Z list. The green menu banner at the top of this page also shows plants grouped by characteristics, origins and uses.

Using our menu, you can search Salvias by topics, such as the color of their flowers, the seasons in which they bloom, their cultural needs for sun and water, the USDA Cold Hardiness Zones in which they thrive and the kinds of sages that appeal to butterflies and hummingbirds. You can also look by origins, which is particularly helpful for native plant gardeners. However, if you know the scientific or common name of the Salvia you want and just need to see if we carry it, the A to Z list is a quick route to that information.

Salvia gains its name from the Latin word salvare which means to heal or save. Herbalists have used various species for centuries as folk medicines. Nowadays, medical researchers are studying many sages, which are also gaining popularity as long-blooming landscaping plants that require little fuss.

With about 900 flowering species -- including annuals, perennials and shrubs -- Salvia is the largest genus in the mint family (Lamiaceae or Labiatae). Salvias are noted for their mint-family traits of square stems and double-lipped, tubular flowers. Many are intoxicatingly fragrant. The genus contains about 900 species worldwide with its largest concentrations native to the Americas, the Mediterranean, Central Asia (including Turkey) and the Far East. Some plants from other Lamiaceae genuses are included in the A to Z list, because they are so closely related to Salvias that we tend to think of them as true sages.

The A to Z list encompasses single representatives of species as well as species for which we offer so many cultivars, such as the Autumn and Mountain Sages (Salvia greggii and S. microphylla spp.), that they have their own subcategory in the Special Salvia Groups part of our index.

Sages are endlessly fascinating due to their diversity. They offer a broad array of long-blooming, vibrantly colored flowers. Their leaves range from fuzzy to glossy with shapes and sizes varying from smooth lances tinier than the nail of a little finger to toothed, rumpled foliage broader and far longer than a man's hand. Many are perfect for dry, full-sun gardens while some do well in shady areas with excessive moisture. Sages save many a gardener facing difficult growing conditions.

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(Corrugated Sage) Dense, purple-blue whorls of flowers complement the somewhat linear, deeply textured -- or corrugated -- dark green leaves with cottony undersides. This evergreen is a handsome native of the Ecuadorian Andes Mountains.
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(Columbian Mountain Sage) Deep purple bracts support the small, lighter purple flowers of Salvia cuatrecasana, which is a rare Colombian sage. White beelines mark the flowers of this long-blooming shrub, which is a hummingbird favorite.

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(Elk Magenta Hybrid Sage)  Combining the best characteristics of both parents, this robust, large leafed hybrid has deep magenta and white flowers that delight hummingbirds.

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(Pink Tehuacan Sage) Large clusters of big, fuzzy, hot magenta-pink flowers top the elegant foliage of this Mexican sage. It is long blooming beginning in late spring and does well in full sun or partial shade. We want to help spread this rare sage that deserves to be widely planted.

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(Blue Turkish Sage) Large velvety gray-green to white leaves in loose rosettes give this sage a distinctive look as does the celestial violet-blue of its flowers. The blossoms seem much too large for this short sage and its thin, candelabra-branched flower spikes.

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(Vermilion Bluffs® Mexican Sage) The brilliant red flowers of Vermilion Bluffs bloom abundantly from August to October. This variety of the Mexican native Salvia darcyi is cold hardy to Zone 5b at altitudes up to 5,500 feet.

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(Windwalker® Royal Red Salvia) Salvia darcyi x S. microphylla 'PWIN03S' is one of the top 2015 plants for USDA Cold Hardiness Zone 5 selected by Colorado's Plant Select®, a nonprofit organization that focuses on promoting plants for low-water gardens.

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(Roman Red Sage) This handsome, long blooming hybrid sage features a dramatic combination of scarlet flowers and deep rust-to-merlot calyxes. Deadheading spent blossoms prolongs bloom time.

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(xin jiang shu wei cao) Long, branched spikes of blue-purple flowers with distinctive purple-red bracts makes this a showy garden plant. It is also well known as a medicinal sage in its Asian homelands.
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(Elk Super Scarlet Rooster Sage) From the mountains of Mexico we have this stunning Sage, which seems never to be out of bloom. A superior hummingbird plant, the warm orange flowers that cover this shrubby perennial make it a standout in the garden.

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(Elk Red-Violet Hybrid Sage)  A very special new hybrid Sage, featuring small but very numerous deep red-violet flowers on a vigorous, easy to grow plant.  Loved by bees, butterflies and hummingbirds. A FBTS introduction.

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(Peruvian Sage or Concolor Sage) Native to the high Andes of Peru, this is a distinctive Salvia with apple-green leaves that are smooth on top and silver-haired fuzzy on the bottom. The flowers are such a dark purple that they almost look black.

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(Purple Bract Peruvian Sage or Concolor Sage) Similar to its wild relative, Peruvian Sage, which is also known as Concolor Sage, this cultivar has foliage that is smooth, apple green on top and fuzzy with silver hairs on the bottom.  Major differences appear in the dramatic bracts.

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(Southern Mexican Sage) With its graceful, shrubby habit, purplish green leaves and intense tomato-red blooms, this herbaceous perennial makes a delightful display in your garden. It begins blooming in October and continues sporadically through the winter and into spring in frost-free areas.

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(Pilgram's Rest Pink Sage) Spring into summer, this heat-tolerant sage from South Africa produces lilac and white blossoms with profuse, fragrant, gray foliage. It's the burgundy calyxes, which turn a rusty pink after the flowers blossom, that give this sage part of its common name.

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(Giant Bolivian Sage) Hailing from Peru and Bolivia, this tender specimen is found at altitudes of 9,000 feet in the wild. This multi-stemmed, woody-based, climbing Salvia needs support. Hummingbirds love its 5-inch-long, crimson flowers, which are the longest grown by any Salvia and flower from late summer through autumn.

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(Dominican Sage) Native to Israel, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria, this candelabra-shaped, perennial sage may have inspired the design of the menorah, (Exodus 37:17). It is a tough, drought-resistant plant with silver-haired foliage and bright white flowers that seem to blaze.

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(Fruit Scented Sage) This plant has it all -- big, light-green leaves that are fuzzy soft and large magenta-pink flowers that smell intoxicating and bloom from winter into spring. Fruit Scented Sage is one of the strongest and most deliciously scented plants we have encountered.

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(Elk Blue Hard Leaf Sage) Soft baby blue & white flowers in abundance coupled with strong growth make this an ideal new variety for hummingbird gardeners. the specific epitaph, durifolia, means hard leaf.  We don't find the leaf exactly hard but it is lovely and durable.

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(Eig's Sage)Bicolor ruby and pale pink flowers bloom winter to spring on this small sage that is native to Northern Israel. Salvia eigii is at home in the silty, gravelly loam of low fallow fields near rivers. So it does best in rich soil aerated with plenty of humus.

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(Shaggy Chiapas Sage) This is a sweetheart! Glowing magenta flowers lure the eye as well as hummingbirds to this heat-tolerant sage. It begins blooming in late summer where weather is warm and in fall where it is cooler.

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(Elk Sonoran Red Pineapple Sage)  A new Pineapple Sage variety that has the traditional fruity fragrance but blooms much earlier in the season than the traditionally grown clone.  Short and compact, it resembles the varieties 'Honey Melon' and 'Tangerine' size wise, but has the unmistakable aroma of ripe pineapples.

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(Frieda Dixon Pineapple Sage) Most varieties of Salvia elegans have bright red flowers. But Frieda Dixon Pineapple Sage, which blooms abundantly beginning in late fall, has softer salmon-pink blossoms set against mid-green, lance-shaped leaves.

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(Golden Pineapple Sage) The bright crimson flowers of this extremely fragrant sage are attractive to both humans and pollinators. However, it is the glowing golden foliage that most distinguishes this cultivar from other varieties of Pineapple Sage.
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Buying Salvias Online from FBTS: How to Order & What to Expect - Updated Salvia Small Talk: Customized Shipping Charges Summer & Early Fall Pruning of Autumn and Mountain Sage July in the Salvia Garden Ten Favorite Flowers for Butterflies and Hummingbirds Quick Digs: Inventorying Salvias and Tools for Spring Gardening Pantone Pageant: Emerald Designer Salvias Pantone Pageant: "Tender Shoots Green" Designer Salvias Sage Experts: How Robin Middleton's Gardens Bloomed Sage Experts: Meet Huntington Gardens Curator Kathy Musial Salvia Softwood Tip Cuttings Rootbound Salvias: Assessment & Treatment Repotting Salvias: The Basics Beneficial Insects at Flowers by the Sea Unpacking and Hardening Off Mail-Order Plants Growing Salvia from Seed at FBTS Sage Words About Wildlife: Do Deer Devour Salvia? Getting Started: How Much Sun Salvias Need Getting Started: Annual, Perennial and Shrub Sages 20 Heavenly Sages and Companions for Hellstrips Ask Mr. Sage: How FBTS Chooses New Salvias Buying Salvias Online from FBTS: Unpacking and Planting Fall Cleanup: Plant Placement and Pesky Problems Fall Planting: Tips for Salvia Success Our Paperless Catalog Is Wallet-Friendly and Ecofriendly Using Salvias in Flower Arrangements About our Farm: Growing Sage by the Sea September in the Salvia Garden Battles in the Salvia Garden: Controlling Spider Mites - Part I Battles in the Salvia Garden: Controlling Spider Mites - Part II Quick Digs: Putting Salvias to Bed with Winter Mulch Ask Mr. Sage: How Should I Prune my Salvias? Ask Mr. Sage: When Is It Too Late for Autumn Planting? Portraits in Gardening: Michael Kampf Portraits in Gardening: Dave and Eleanor Holland Salvia Small Talk: Winter Watering Salvia Small Talk: Botrytis Blight Salvia Small Talk: The Gardens and Sages of Alcatraz Salvia Small Talk: Raised Beds for Sage Salvia Small Talk: Accenting Floral Arrangements with Salvias Salvia Small Talk: Botanical Plant Names I Salvia Small Talk: Botanical Plant Names II Salvia Small Talk: Annual, Biennial, Perennial Salvia Small Talk: Excel in the Garden Salvia Small Talk: Back Off, Bunnies! New at FBTS: Salvia Amistad and Friendship from Afar Salvia Small Talk: Learning Leaf Talk Salvia Small Talk: Measuring Soil Drainage Salvia Small Talk: What Is an Inch of Water? Ask Mr Sage: What do I with a dry root ball? Ask Mr. Sage: How to Identify Fertilizer Burn Ask Mr. Sage: What Salvias Grow Well in Containers? Salvia Small Talk: Garden Diary Ask Mr. Sage: What Is Shipping in Boxes Like for Salvias? Salvia Small Talk: Researching Before Ordering Ask Mr. Sage: How to Use the 'Email Me When Back in Stock' Button Ask Mr. Sage: Why Doesn't FBTS Use USPS Mail August in the Salvia Garden Salvia Small Talk: Too Much Sunlight? Ask Mr. Sage: Does Flowers by the Sea Sell Seeds? Ask Mr. Sage: How to Combat Whiteflies Safely Ask Mr. Sage: What to Do When a New Plant Fails Salvia Small Talk: Salvia Summit II Set for 2013 Ask Mr. Sage: How Light and Growing Conditions Affect Flower Color Salvia Small Talk: Bug Song in the Bushes Ask Mr. Sage: Do You Ship to My Address? Salvia Small Talk: Sage Remedies in 1814 Salvia Small Talk: Slugs & Snails Quick Digs: Overwintering Salvias in Containers Outdoors Pantone Pageant: A Chorus Line of Grayed Jade Designer Salvias Quick Digs: Wintering Over Salvias Indoors Quick Digs: Planning a Salvia Garden Calendar Quick Digs: Spring Weeds in Salvia Gardens Salvia Small Talk: Planting a Therapy Garden Salvia Small Talk: Zone Variations Salvia Small Talk: Zones & Climate Change Ask Mr. Sage: How Should I Space Salvias When Planting Salvia Small Talk: What to Do When Plants Are Out of Stock