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 You are here    Flowers by the Sea / Categories / Salvias A to Z
Salvias A to Z
Salvias A to Z

Flowers by the Sea grows all the hundreds of plants in this catalog, which are mainly the sages (Salvia spp.) in our A to Z list. The green menu banner at the top of this page also shows plants grouped by characteristics, origins and uses.

Using our menu, you can search Salvias by topics, such as the color of their flowers, the seasons in which they bloom, their cultural needs for sun and water, the USDA Cold Hardiness Zones in which they thrive and the kinds of sages that appeal to butterflies and hummingbirds. You can also look by origins, which is particularly helpful for native plant gardeners. However, if you know the scientific or common name of the Salvia you want and just need to see if we carry it, the A to Z list is a quick route to that information.

Salvia gains its name from the Latin word salvare which means to heal or save. Herbalists have used various species for centuries as folk medicines. Nowadays, medical researchers are studying many sages, which are also gaining popularity as long-blooming landscaping plants that require little fuss.

With about 900 flowering species -- including annuals, perennials and shrubs -- Salvia is the largest genus in the mint family (Lamiaceae or Labiatae). Salvias are noted for their mint-family traits of square stems and double-lipped, tubular flowers. Many are intoxicatingly fragrant. The genus contains about 900 species worldwide with its largest concentrations native to the Americas, the Mediterranean, Central Asia (including Turkey) and the Far East. Some plants from other Lamiaceae genuses are included in the A to Z list, because they are so closely related to Salvias that we tend to think of them as true sages.

The A to Z list encompasses single representatives of species as well as species for which we offer so many cultivars, such as the Autumn and Mountain Sages (Salvia greggii and S. microphylla spp.), that they have their own subcategory in the Special Salvia Groups part of our index.

Sages are endlessly fascinating due to their diversity. They offer a broad array of long-blooming, vibrantly colored flowers. Their leaves range from fuzzy to glossy with shapes and sizes varying from smooth lances tinier than the nail of a little finger to toothed, rumpled foliage broader and far longer than a man's hand. Many are perfect for dry, full-sun gardens while some do well in shady areas with excessive moisture. Sages save many a gardener facing difficult growing conditions.

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(Double Saw Tooth Sage) Vivid deep violet flowers bloom from summer into fall and contrast prettily with the bright green, rumply foliage of this tall sage from southeastern Mexico. Belgian botanist and orchid lover Jean Jules Linden was the first to record its discovery in 1838, according to records on file at Britain’s Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

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(Eyelash Sage) All Salvia blepharophylla varieties are native to Mexico, but this one was hybridized in Germany by plant breeder Christiaan Unger. Hairs on the edge of the sage’s dark green leaves give it the appearance of having eyelashes. It is a compact, slightly mounding Salvia that spreads gradually by underground stolons.

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(Diablo Eyelash Sage) Small, eyelash-like hairs on the edge of its leaves give this Mexican native part of its name. It earns "Diablo," which means "devil" in Spanish, from the two yellow stamens that stand up out of each flower like horns.

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(Painted Lady Eyelash Sage) Small, eyelash-like hairs on the edge of its leaves give this Mexican native part of its name. A compact, gently mounding Salvia, it spreads gradually by underground stolons.

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(Rhythm and Blues Anise-Scented Sage)  New for 2017, this variety is a superior version of the older standby 'Black and Blue'.  Easy to grow and rewarding, this hummingbird favorite is our very best Anise Scented Sage.

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(Nan dan shen) Lavender and pearly white blossoms shaped like parrot beaks are supported by burgundy and green calyxes on this cold-tolerant plant from Southern China. In summer, the flowers grow in whorl-like clusters on spikes reaching up to 5 feet tall above large, fuzzy, pinnate, olive-green leaves.

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(Santa Rosa Island Sage) This is a hardy, California native sage although it is only found in the wild on one of Southern California's Channel Islands. It is drought resistant and forms dense mounds of fragrant, deep green, wrinkly foliage with heavenly clouds of lavender-tinged blue flowers in spring.
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(Pacific Blue Sage) Whorls of deep lavender-blue flowers contrast brightly against the dark maroon stems of this likely hybrid of Salvia brandegeei and Salvia munzii.

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(Buchanan's Sage) No longer found in the wild in its native Mexico, this spectacular Salvia is widely grown in courtyards and by entryways throughout the country. Also known as Fuschia Sage, it has long, pendulous, magenta flowers that are fuzzy and framed by purplish, glossy leaves.
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(Purple & Yellow Yunnan Sage or ji ye shu wei cao) Confusion about this plant's scientific name cause it to appear in some sources as Salvia flava var. megalantha. Whatever you call it, this Chinese species from Yunnan Province has enchanting yellow and purple flowers that attract viewers as well as honeybees.

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(Puckered Sage) Gracefully drooping, the two-tone, pale sky-blue and white blossoms of this shrubby South American sage contrast crisply with apple-green calyxes and stems.
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(Blue Vine Sage) Blooming from mid-summer through late autumn, this semi-hardy herbaceous perennial is adorned with a profusion of true-blue flowers that arch up 12 to 24 inches above its deltoid, grass-green leaves.
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(Wand Sage) Whorls of deep violet blossoms are cupped by dark bracts on the flower spikes of this mid-height herbaceous sage from Turkey. Its foliage is thick, corrugated and fragrant. This plant is lovely and hardy, so it is surprising that it wasn’t introduced to commercial cultivation until 2007.

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(Puna Sage) The deep violet-blue flowered Salvia calolophos has white beelines and oblong, mid-green leaves. It is a high-altitude native of northern Argentina.

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(Wooly Canary Island Sage) The pale magenta, parrot-beak flowers of this sage, supported by deeper magenta bracts, heat up the landscape. But when you get close, it may be the velvety texture of the foliage that makes you sigh.

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(Candelabra Spanish Sage) Tall, well-branched spikes display large two-tone blue flowers above a compact shrubby mass of attractive, furry white leaves. When in bloom, this drought-resistant native of Spain will awe every visitor to your garden.

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(Caucasus Sage) This hardy ground cover sage grows 4 to 12 inches tall and 12 inches wide. The velvety white fur of its foliage aids moisture retention. Its soft, royal purple flowers make it stand out. We think this Salvia deserves to spread far and wide.

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(Heart Leaf Sage) From the rich plains of Northern Argentina comes this delicate looking sage with heart-shaped leaves and pale blue flowers so perfect they seem to be molded in wax. Although a slow grower that requires good garden culture, this Salvia is exquisite.

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(Temascaltepec Sage) In full bloom, which is all year in mild climates, this mid-sized Salvia has far more flowers than foliage. Each 1/2-inch-long, bright pink bloom has two dark pink/purple spots and a pair of white stripes. The small, slightly furry leaves add to its soft, pleasing look.

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(Blue Sky Mexican Sage) The small flowers of this plant from Neuevo Leon and Tamaulipas, Mexico, are an attractive combination of amethyst-purple and white. The spectacular leaves, which are large and lightly textured, appear blue-green on top and purple-green underneath.

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(Cayman Island Sage) Compact and intensely fragrant, this shrubby sage is excellent for containers or the edge of a pathway. Small blue and white flowers mass about its densely branched foliage. It loves rich, moist soil and warm weather.

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(Cedros Island Sage) From the Island of Cedars off the coast of Baja California Sur comes this delightful xeric sage with deep violet-blue flowers and silvery foliage. The square-shaped, 1-inch-long leaves are densely covered with downy, short, white hairs providing moisture retention.

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(Silver Germander Sage) With its compact habit, brilliant silver-white leaves and large, sky blue flowers, this is an outstanding heat-tolerant choice for dry, sunny gardens. We consider this to be one of the finest short ground covers for these conditions.

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(Marine Blue Sage) The name and origin of this fine cultivar has long been in dispute. It may be a clone or hybrid of the Mexican plant Salvia chamaedryoides var.isochroma. It is one of the prettiest, strongest sages we grow.

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Ask Mr. Sage: When Is It Too Late for Autumn Planting? Fall Cleanup: Plant Placement and Pesky Problems Fall Planting: Tips for Salvia Success Salvia Small Talk: What Is an Inch of Water? July in the Salvia Garden Ask Mr. Sage: Why Don't You Grow this New Salvia? Getting Started: How Much Sun Salvias Need Summer & Early Fall Pruning of Autumn and Mountain Sage A Guide to Successful Potting Soils for Salvias Pretty, Practical Cottage Gardens Rooted in Pandemic History Ten Favorite Flowers for Butterflies and Hummingbirds Buying Salvias Online from FBTS: How to Order & What to Expect - Updated Salvia Small Talk: Customized Shipping Charges Quick Digs: Inventorying Salvias and Tools for Spring Gardening Pantone Pageant: Emerald Designer Salvias Pantone Pageant: "Tender Shoots Green" Designer Salvias Sage Experts: How Robin Middleton's Gardens Bloomed Sage Experts: Meet Huntington Gardens Curator Kathy Musial Unpacking and Hardening Off Mail-Order Plants Growing Salvia from Seed at FBTS Salvia Softwood Tip Cuttings Rootbound Salvias: Assessment & Treatment Repotting Salvias: The Basics Beneficial Insects at Flowers by the Sea Sage Words About Wildlife: Do Deer Devour Salvia? Getting Started: Annual, Perennial and Shrub Sages 20 Heavenly Sages and Companions for Hellstrips Ask Mr. Sage: How FBTS Chooses New Salvias Buying Salvias Online from FBTS: Unpacking and Planting Our Paperless Catalog Is Wallet-Friendly and Ecofriendly Using Salvias in Flower Arrangements Battles in the Salvia Garden: Controlling Spider Mites - Part I Battles in the Salvia Garden: Controlling Spider Mites - Part II Quick Digs: Putting Salvias to Bed with Winter Mulch About our Farm: Growing Sage by the Sea September in the Salvia Garden Ask Mr. Sage: How Should I Prune my Salvias? Portraits in Gardening: Michael Kampf Portraits in Gardening: Dave and Eleanor Holland Salvia Small Talk: Winter Watering Salvia Small Talk: Botrytis Blight Salvia Small Talk: The Gardens and Sages of Alcatraz Salvia Small Talk: Raised Beds for Sage Salvia Small Talk: Accenting Floral Arrangements with Salvias Salvia Small Talk: Botanical Plant Names I Salvia Small Talk: Botanical Plant Names II Salvia Small Talk: Annual, Biennial, Perennial Salvia Small Talk: Excel in the Garden Salvia Small Talk: Back Off, Bunnies! New at FBTS: Salvia Amistad and Friendship from Afar Salvia Small Talk: Learning Leaf Talk Salvia Small Talk: Measuring Soil Drainage Ask Mr Sage: What do I with a dry root ball? Salvia Small Talk: Salvia Summit II Set for 2013 Ask Mr. Sage: How Light and Growing Conditions Affect Flower Color Salvia Small Talk: Bug Song in the Bushes Ask Mr. Sage: Do You Ship to My Address? Salvia Small Talk: Sage Remedies in 1814 Salvia Small Talk: Slugs & Snails Ask Mr. Sage: How to Identify Fertilizer Burn Salvia Small Talk: Garden Diary Ask Mr. Sage: What Is Shipping in Boxes Like for Salvias? Salvia Small Talk: Researching Before Ordering Ask Mr. Sage: How to Use the 'Email Me When Back in Stock' Button Ask Mr. Sage: Why Doesn't FBTS Use USPS Mail August in the Salvia Garden Salvia Small Talk: Too Much Sunlight? Ask Mr. Sage: Does Flowers by the Sea Sell Seeds? Ask Mr. Sage: How to Combat Whiteflies Safely Ask Mr. Sage: What to Do When a New Plant Fails Salvia Small Talk: Zones & Climate Change Ask Mr. Sage: How Should I Space Salvias When Planting Salvia Small Talk: What to Do When Plants Are Out of Stock Quick Digs: Overwintering Salvias in Containers Outdoors Pantone Pageant: A Chorus Line of Grayed Jade Designer Salvias Quick Digs: Wintering Over Salvias Indoors Ask Mr. Sage: What Salvias Grow Well in Containers? Quick Digs: Planning a Salvia Garden Calendar Quick Digs: Spring Weeds in Salvia Gardens Salvia Small Talk: Planting a Therapy Garden Salvia Small Talk: Zone Variations New Product Filtering Tool Helps You with Decision Making